|Lotus corniculatus inflorescence|
This species is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa , and has been introduced to most of North America (US range map here, Canada range map here), primarily as fodder (livestock animal feed). It is a member of the family Fabaceae (legumes) and, like most members of this family, is both a good feed plant and a nitrogen-fixing plant [1,2,3] (nitrogen fixing: removes nitrogen from the atmosphere and puts it into the soil). This plant can become invasive and choke out native plants in some places, especially grasslands [1,2,4].
|Dense patch of Lotus corniculatus|
|Lotus conriculatus inflorescence|
This plant reproduces primarily through its roots , can occasionally self-pollinate , but is mostly pollinated by large bees , which must be strong enough to pull apart the flowers to access pollen and nectar . Lotus corniculatus produces large amounts of nectar and so is a desirable honey crop .